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Saint-Bertrand de Comminges

 
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110 km south of Toulouse, built on a former Roman settlement, Saint-Bertrand-de-Comminges sits majestically at the foot of the Pyrenees Mountains. Founded in the 1st century BC, it is now an important centre for art, enriched by 2,000 years of history. This is a masterpiece of Haute-Garonne heritage, not to be missed.

Suspended between the sky and the earth, settled against the natural background of the Pyrenees foothills, Saint-Bertrand-de-Comminges appears like a vision. Renaissance-style houses are packed around the upper town, a true summit of spirituality symbolised by the Cathedral of Sainte-Marie, and enclosed by a rampart carved straight from the rock.

Below the houses lie the sprawling ruins of the ancient city of Lugdunum-Convenae and its many Gallo-Roman relics. The temple, built in marble stone from the Pyrenees, was probably dedicated to the cult of Rome and the emperor. The forum, structured around a vast portico courtyard, represented the economic and political heart of the city: this great building was surrounded by a gallery opening onto shop fronts. Nothing but ruins remains of the theatre, while a number of tombs are still visible in the original Christian basilica. The public baths were situated in the immediate vicinity, featuring an outside pool and warm and cold baths.

The Cathedral of Saint-Bertrand-de-Comminges, which dates back to the early Middle Ages, was continually enhanced with architectural and decorative features until the 16th century.
As a result, the Gothic cathedral is a blend of three churches, each from a different era and with its own style, where we can admire the square Romanesque clock tower, the door lintel representing the twelve apostles, the tympanum embellished with the Adoration of the Magi, a Romanesque cloister steeped in a palpable spiritualism, as well as a wooden chancel and a superb organ case - jewels of the Renaissance.

The Basilica of Saint-Just de Valcabrère is set below the small medieval streets of Saint-Bertrand and surrounded by fields. This Romanesque church is distinguished by its architectural features and sculptures, transplanted in situ from the major archaeological site of Lugdunum-Convenae.

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GRANDS SITES DE MIDI-PYRENEES - LE FILM